What Our Bank Negara Malaysia Do With Our Defaced Coins and Banknotes ?

Act 519
Coins tampered with or notes defaced
Tampered With Bad Intention.

Section 25.
A coin shall be deemed to have been tampered with if the coin has been impaired, diminished or lightened otherwise than by fair wear and tear or has been defaced by stamping, engraving or piercing, whether the coin shall or shall not have been thereby diminished or lightened, and a note shall be deemed to have been defaced if any word, sign, symbol, drawing, caricature, or other thing whatsoever, has been written, inscribed, or in any other manner or by any other means whatsoever has been shown on its surface, or if it is torn, marred, burnt, injured, spoilt or otherwise howsoever mutilated. Withdrawal of notes and coins and their disposal
Tumbled Coins. Defaced By Washing Machine.
Plain Edge Of Tumble Damaged Coins
Section 26.
(1) The Bank may take all such steps as it may deem appropriate to withdraw from circulation coins which are worn or which have been tampered with, or note which are defaced, or unfit for circulation, and may destroy, deal with or otherwise dispose of the same in such manner as may be directed in writing by the Governor or any Deputy Governor or other officer of the Bank as may be authorized in writing by either the Governor or any Deputy Governor.
Man Made Double Struck Coins By Caveat Emptors. Post Mint Job. No Numismatic Value.
(2) The provisions of subsection (1) as to destruction or disposal of, or dealing with, notes and coins shall apply to notes and coins which have been called in and will cease to be, or have ceased to be, legal tender under subsection 24(3).

Waffle Cancelled Coin.


Malaysia 3rd Series (M3S) 50 Sen Coin Planchet.
Bank Negara Malaysia launched the 3rd Series issues of coins with new designs on 25th July 2011- i.e. 5 Sen, 10 Sen, 20 Sen and 50 Sen bearing the year date 2011 in a commemorative folder.

The theme on these coins is ‘distinctly Malaysia’ and feature motifs like the Jasmine and hibiscus flowers as well as the weaving patterns of the indigenous people. These coins are struck by Bank Negara Malaysia Mint in Malaysia.
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50 sen
Sulur Kacang
The 'sulur kacang' (pea tendrils) motif featured on the new 50 sen coin is popular among traditional woodcarvers and silversmiths. The motif is drawn from the graceful twists and curls of long bean vines, and can be seen embellishing fine jewellery pieces and boxes, in addition to decorating doorways, window frames and wood paneling in traditional wooden homes. Fine lines in the motif background are part of the security features.

Security Feature
Latent Image of the denomination 50 sen can be seen when the coin is tilted slightly.
Latent Image: "50"(Left) and "SEN" (Right).
Face Value: 50 sen
Alloy: Nickel Brass Clad Copper
Diameter (mm): 22.65
Weight (gram): 5.66

As coin minting technology has advanced for minting the M3S coins, the amount of coin planchets leaving the mint has been drastically reduced. Hence creating an even bigger demand for those that inadvertently do get out.

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Malaysia RM1.00 1994 Waffle Cancelled Coin.
About Waffled Cancelled Errors:
When coins are released from the mint with an error they achieve a new more valuable status. Historically they have multiplied in value. Error coins that manage to get out of the mint become valuable collector's items; and as coin minting technology has advanced the amount of imperfect coins leaving the mint has been drastically reduced; creating an even bigger demand for those that inadvertently do get out.

Now the mint has begun to employ a new method of cancelling errors and voiding them as currency. That method is called waffle cancelling. In most cases these cancelled coins are subsequently melted and recycled, but not always.
Since the mint began to waffle coins, they have become a new hot collectible in the coin market. The Mint has been using machines to cancel defective coins. The coins are conveyed through crushing rollers. These rollers partly obliterate the coin's design and impart a corrugated or "Waffle" pattern on the coin. Hence, the term Waffle.
The same basic process has been used by Germany, Belgium, The Netherlands, South Africa, Spain and other countries for many years.

Coins destroyed in this way are variously called: Demonetized, Decoined, Mint-Cancelled, or Defaced. The patterns left by the rollers may or may not resemble "waffles".

When the mint finds a problem on a coin and rejects it they run it trough the "waffler" to "cancel" it and render it into a non-legal tender piece of scrap metal.

Those that have appeared on the open market have achieved their own unique market values.
In the past these rejected coins were not waffled and when they were shipped back to the coinage strip manufacturers for recycling they had to be accompanied by armed mint police for security because they were still legal tender and the security would have to remain until such time and the coins were melted down. Now with waffling they are just scrap metal and the security measures are no longer needed. This results in a big savings for the Mint. Now this scrap metal is offered for sale by the mint and it is usually purchased by the strip manufacturerers but it can be purchased by other metal recylers as well.
Once it is purchased and they take possession of the scrap it belongs to them and they can do what ever they want with it. In some cases people have bought some of these waffled coins, they have had the coins slabbed and they offer them for sale.

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Malaysia 3rd Series (M3S) 20 Sen Coin Planchet.
The Third Series of Malaysian Coins was themed with "Distinctively Malaysia". The designs of the third series of Malaysian coins draw its inspiration from distinctive elements that define Malaysian culture and heritage.

The theme, 'Distinctively Malaysia', features motifs from traditional crafts and our flora and fauna. The coins reflect the diversity and richness of Malaysia's national identity.
Common Features On the obverse, each denomination features a different motif, 14 dots representing the 13 states and the Federal Territory and (with exception in the case of the 50 sen coin) five horizontal lines representing the five principles of the 'Rukun Negara' (national pillars).

On the reverse, the new series of coins feature the national flower Rosa-sinensis hibiscus (known as the 'Bunga Raya'), numerals indicating the year of minting, the face value of the coin and the words 'BANK NEGARA MALAYSIA'.

Face:20 sen
Bunga Melur
The 'bunga melur' or jasmine flower is culturally significant among the three major races in Malaysia. Its aromatic scent makes it an important part of traditional ceremonies like weddings and prayers. It is also a popular motif in traditional arts and crafts like embroidery and silverwork.

On the new 20 sen coin, the jasmine flower is featured with a 'destar siga' cloth motif in the background.

Alloy: Nickel Brass
Diameter: 20.60mm
Weight: 4.18gram.

This is a piece of 20 sen M3S planchet. It becomes a difficult collectible item because with the state of art coining process, it is almost impossible to have coin planchets "run away" from the mint.


An Unlisted Copper Pitis Master Of Kelantan
This unlisted Kelantan Pitis Master was hiding in Penang Island for many years. But few days ago, it was "captured" by a very senior numismatist from Kuala Lumpur (KL) with the help of " Uncle Looi".

The very senior numismatist from KL then dropped into my Dickson Niew Collection shop at Subang Jaya on last Saturday to share with me his "Victory" over this unlisted Kelantan copper Pitis Master which is now is under his safe custody.
SS19 (P.133) Reverse.
Incused and Retrogardes
It was made of copper, a master pattern resembled for the pitis issue for SS 19 type. The design on this unlisted Kelantan Pitis Master is intended for the reverse of the coin. It was in incused and retrogrades (mirror script) inscription in  Arabic "Sunia fi Jumadal Awal Sanat 1321" (Issued in Jumadal Awal i.e: the fifth month of the Hijra Year 1321 A.H.= July/August 1903).

Obverse: Plain.

The edge is plain but exhibits a straight clipped error.
Weight: 6.00gm.
Diameter: 30mm.
Composition: Copper.

SS19 (P.133) Obverse.
"The Encyclopaedia of THE COINS OF MALAYSIA SINGAPORE AND BRUNEI 1400-1967" by Saran Singh AMN,PNM,FRNS.


Botelha Tangga Of Malacca (Emergency Coin, Circa C.E. 1629)
Rarity: RRRR/Sim F3.18

This undated silver coin minted during the Portuguese occupation was an emergency issue struck for special purpose of paying troops engaged in the defence of the city of Malacca. What follows are particulars of the coin and a short biographical note on the illustrious person after whom it was named.
Crowned Arms of Portugal between the letters M.A. the mintmark of Malacca Mint with dots above and below each letter within a line circle.

Crude tanga monogram - large T on big A (for Tanga Asia) dividing the letters R.F. (for Rei Felipe) King Philip, a dot on each side of the apex of the A, one on each side of the stem of the letter T, one on either side below the letters R and F, and another dot within the letter A, all surrounded by circle

Diameter: 15mm
Weight: 2.54 grammes
Rarity: RRRR

                The Captain-General of the Portuguese Fleets in the East, one Dom Nuno Alvares Botelho, had distinguished himself since 1623 by his victories over the Dutch Fleet which was attacking Portuguese territories throughout the Orient. After his return to Portugal he was appointed Governor of Goa by King Dom Felipe III. His letter of appointment was issued to name of Pereira, the name by which he was known at Court in Lisbon. After the death of his elder brother but before he took up the appointment, he had to give up the name of Pereira and take the family name of Botelho.

                Due to this discrepancy in names, officials at Goa refused to acknowledge him as being the man designated as Governor, in the Royal Letters. The matter had to be referred to Lisbon, In those days of sailing ships confirmation took many months.

                As Capt. Botelho's services were most urgently required in the Straits of Malacca, he appointed two Deputies - Capt. of Goa, Dom Lourenco da Cunha and Chancellor Gonzalo Pinto da Fonseca, entrusted them with the administration of  Goa and immediately left for Malacca.

                By the time Botelho reached Malacca at the head of a large fleet, the city had been under siege by strong Achinese forces for five long months. The Hill had been captured and was being used as base to destroy the Portuguese garrison at Bukit China. After his arrival the Achinese and their allies evacuated their positions and fled inland in haste.

                The Portuguese forces had to be paid rather urgently. The Malacca mint had not been operating for very many years; and there was a serious shortage of silver currency. To solve the problem, Capt. General Botelho was appointed Mint Master of the Malacca Mint. He could then order the minting of a silver coin of the value of a (Goan) tanga without waiting for authorization from Lisbon, a matter which could take as long as two years depending on the monsoon. Later the Viceroy of India, Dom Miguel de Noronha (Conte de Linhares) had to justify to King Dom Felipe the coinage of money without royal assent.

The Viceroy Dom Miguel replied to His Majesty:

"Nuno Alvares Botelho coined in Malacca some coins called Botelhos, which I praised, to redeem his needs."

                This was how this undated coin came to be known as a botelha tanga after the family name of the victorious Captain of the Fortress of Malacca.

                Being an emergency issue, it was of rather crude design. The metal composition was low-grade, silver and brass, in order to give the coinage a chance of remaining in Malacca, as Chinese and Japanese traders has the habit of converting coins of high silver and gold fineness into bullion to export back to their own countries.

                Eventually, the Achinese suffered a great defeat as their formidable armada of 236 ships was annihilated by the Capt.-General's fleet in waters near Muar River.

                After that great victory Botelho continued to hunt and harrass the Dutch throughout the South Seas. The government by triumvirate, set up at Goa on 29th July, ended on 21st October, 1629. By that date, all doubts and uncertainties had been cleared.

                The governorship of Botelho did not continue very long. On 16th May 1960, during a cruise in Sumatran waters, he encountered a ship carrying gunpowder for the Dutch forts. While directing operations after boarding the Dutch ship, an explosion occurred, and both ships were blown up. Botelho, the 44th Governor of India and a member of the State Council of His Majesty Dom Felipe, lost his life that day. His body was brought back to Malacca where he was given a grand funeral.

                The tombstone of this brave Governor has never been found. The reason may be that the Dutch, who succeeded the Portuguese in Malacca after 1641, sometimes resorted to obliterating some old Portuguese tombstones to serve new Dutch graves, due to scarcity of granite.

Source:E.E.Sim., J.S.M., P.N.M., F.R.N.S.
President, Malaysian Numismatic Society

Special thanks to Mr.Wei Yen Kong for taking the trouble to visit me at Dickson Niew Collections in Subang Jaya today just to share his latest collection of this very rare piece of Portuguese coin.Cheers!


Gift And Souvenir Of Bank Negara Malaysia (Central Bank Of Malaysia) A Neck Tie Pin
This neck tie pin of Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) was shown to me by a very senior numismatist cum dealer. He bought this BNM souvenir from a ex-BNM staff.

Looking at the packaging of this BNM neck tie pin, it was packed in a velvet box. The whole pin was made of silver material. The design of this neck tie pin is a 5 sen size of a Malaysian coin with the logo of BNM, the Nandi Bull / Kijang design that resembled the obverse design of a Patani-Kelantan gold Kijang Kupang , it was attached to a needle. At the bottom of the needle is a silver stopper to cover the sharp point of the needle.

The whole item looks seasoned like it was been used quite regularly by the owner for long time. I love the main design of this BNM neck tie pin, that is the BNM's logo.

Another very similar souvenir of BNM was a ring with the similar logo of BNM collected by Dato Sharuddin of Galeri Sha Banknote.(


Malaysia 3rd Series (M3S) 20 Cents Struck On 10 Cents Planchet Wrong Stock Error Coin.

A planchet is produced by punching blanks from sheet metal stock specially made for the types of mint blanks required. After the blanks are punched they are rolled on the edge placing an upset needed for the minting process. The blanks are then washed and annealed making them ready for the minting process
Left: Wrong Stock Error. 20 Cents on 10 Cents Coin Planchet (Reverse).
Right: Original 10 Cents Coin.(Reverse)
There are several types of planchet errors that include: improper alloy, wrong stock, imperfect blank, and lamination.
Left: Wrong Stock Error. 20 Cents on 10 Cents Coin Planchet (Obverse).
Right: Original 10 Cents Coin. (Obverse)
A planchet error can be caused by using a blank intended for a different denomination.The result of using a blank intended for another denomination is called the Wrong Stock Error.

Struck on wrong planchet, sometimes classified as a Striking Error and sometimes classified as a Planchet Error, a coin struck on an incorrect planchet occurs when mismatched planchets are fed into a coin-stamping press. This results in a coin that has been stamped with a design intended for a differently sized coin. The resulting errors are prized by collectors, though they are usually caught during the manufacturing process and destroyed.
Wrong Stock Error. 20 Cents on 10 Cents Coin Planchet (Reverse).
A wrong planchet most often occurs when a denomination is struck on a planchet of a different denomination. Some examples include 50 cents struck on a 20 Cents planchets, 20 Cents on 10 Cents planchets, or 1 Cent on a 5 cents planchet.
Wrong Stock Error. 20 Cents on 10 Cents Coin Planchet (Obverse)
Please take note, in a normal coining process, a denomination using a smaller planchet will never can be struck on a stock that intended for a denomination using bigger planchet. For instant, a Malaysia 5 Cents coin will never can be struck on a planchet that intended for 10 Cents coin or a 1 Cent coin will never can be struck on a 50 Cents planchet. If you come across such error coins, likely there are the assisted error coins.