Singapore, The Ghost Town of Michigan In USA
Singapore, perhaps Michigan‍ '​s most famous ghost town, is one of the casualties of the four great fires (Chicago, Holland, Peshtigo, and Manistee) that ravaged the northern midwest on October 8, 1871.
"Wind (Left), Flowers (Bottom),Snow(Top) and Moon (Right)"
According to Mr.Adam Biagi, it was a production of 1950's
Its ruins now lie buried beneath the sand dunes of the Lake Michigan shoreline at the mouth of the Kalamazoo River in Saugatuck Township, near the cities of Saugatuck and Douglas in Allegan County.

Singapore, Michigan, was founded in 1836 by New York land speculator Oshea Wilder, who was hoping to build a port town to rival Chicago and Milwaukee. At its height, the town boasted of three mills, two hotels, several general stores, a renowned bank, and was home to Michigan's first schoolhouse. In total, the town consisted of 23 buildings and two sawmills.
The great bank scandal
In 1838, two banks were established in Allegan County: the Bank of Allegan and the Bank of Singapore. Both were "of the famous wildcat species". By 1838, over $50,000 in Singapore Bank notes had been placed in circulation. Shortly after the Civil War, Singapore was involved in a bank scandal. State banks were required to maintain enough hard currency on hand to cover at least 1/3 of the banknotes that were circulating, and neither Singapore nor Allegan was at that level.

When Allegan State Bank received warning from nearby towns that the bank inspector was coming through, the banks would arrange for all the money from Singapore State Bank to be transferred to Allegan State Bank. After the inspection, the banker in Allegan would take the bank inspector out and get him drunk. While he slept it off, they would get a head start on him and take all the money from Allegan to Singapore State Bank in time to pass the inspection there.

From time to time collectors come across Singapore Bank notes used by the Singapore Bank. There are a few known full sheets of the bank notes before they were cut into individual notes, sometimes signed and sometimes unsigned by the bank president or authorized personnel at the time. There are a few such notes on display (not for sale) in an antique store in Galesburg, Michigan.

40-day blizzard
The 40-Day Blizzard of 1842 might very well have wiped out the people of Singapore, had it not been for the shipwreck of the Milwaukie just off her shore. The food with which that ship was stocked nourished the people of Singapore until the blizzard blew over.
Change of ownership
Wilder deserted the town in 1846, moving back to Calhoun County. James Carter of New York bought out Wilder's interest in the town and moved there to oversee his investment. It was only two years after that that Carter sold the town to his brother, Artemas. Artemas was more innovative than his brother, and very soon after arriving, built a three-masted schooner, dubbed the Octavia, to carry lumber from Singapore to Chicago over Lake Michigan. The town thrived and boasted a population of several hundred people by 1871.

Weight: 13.19gm. Diameter: 45mm
Singapore's demise After the fires which swept through Chicago, Holland, and Peshtigo in late 1871, Singapore was almost completely deforested supplying the three towns with lumber for rebuilding. Without the protective tree cover, the winds and sands coming off Lake Michigan quickly eroded the town into ruins and within four years had completely covered it over.The town was vacated by 1875.

Today, Singapore lives on only in the name of the Singapore Yacht Club, which is at one end of town. Just as the "cow kicking over the lantern" story was born out of the Great Chicago Fire, this event also gave birth to a legend. The story persists that one resident of Singapore refused to move, even as the sand enveloped his home. Eventually he had to enter and leave the dwelling by a second floor window, and he stayed until the sand reached the roof.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Malaya King George VI 194X 20 Cents Specimen Coin.
Rarity: Specimen
Few days ago, an anonymous of my Blog visitor send to me some images of this Malaya King George VI (KG VI) 20 Cents dated 194X.
It was transmitted via his/her hand set, the quality of the photos were not so good. I could not enlarge them to a bigger image due to its low resolution.

On the obverse of the coin , a "SPECIMEN" wording was struck vertically or up right position on the left side of the KG VI portrait. On the right, is a figure of number "9".
On the reverse, the year was dated as 194_.The last digit was not indicated. This indicates that it was struck for the purpose of a specimen coin. In my research, if the year is struck with a full "date", this coin will be a legal tender piece automatically.
A specimen coin is a brilliant image relief  struck against a planchet in order to achieve maximum visual impact. Specimen coins are struck up to two times on numismatic presses.

Specimen is used to describe any coin produced to a particularly high standard of finish. Used frequently before the 1970s, most of these coins would now be called proof quality. In recent years, some mints have produced especially good versions of its uncirculated coins which they call specimens. These are ordinary uncirculated coins which have been handled individually and with greater than normal care, to avoid most, but not all, of the surface blemishes which occur due to bulk handling. In that regard they would be very similar to brilliant uncirculated or FDC coins.

FDC: An abbreviation for "fleur-de-coin" (flower of the die). Similar to an uncirculated coin, but without marks from the minting process as FDC coins are largely prevented from touching other coins during manufacturing.

I hope the anonymous will supply me with more information.

Happy Sunday to all numismatists!



Unlisted Variety Of Keping Or Pitis Tin Coin of Patani-Kelantan 1261 A.H. (1845)
Rarity:RRR/Unlisted SS68(a)

 Obverse:" Ini Pitis Belanja Raja Patani".( This Pitis is the currency of the Raja of Patani)
Weight: 6.00gm. Diameter: 31mm
While I was going through my latest collection of Patani- Kelantan Keping or Pitis tin coins, I was very happy to find this very interesting piece of SS68 Keping with obverse in Arabic inscription : " Ini Pitis Belanja Raja Patani".( This Pitis is the currency of the Raja of Patani) and  Reverse: " Khalifatul Muminin Sanat 1261".(Ruler of the Faithful). 
" Khalifatul Muminin Sanat 1261"1845 (Ruler of the Faithful 1845). "Raised Elephant Trunk" Variety.

The normal weight of a SS68 Patani-Kelantan Tin Keping coin with a diameter measured at 31mm is 2.80gm to 3.50gm. This selected piece is weight at 6.00gm, double the weight of a normal SS68 Keping. Should I crown it as an unlisted  Patani-Kelantan "Doubled Keping"?

An other interesting feature exhibited on this "Double Keping" tin coin is the date "1261 A.H." on the reverse of the coin that resembled an "elephant" had a raised trunk. The normal SS68 pieces were with a "elephant trunk" pointed down.
" 1261 A.H." (1845)
This is going to my best collection of a Patani-Kelantan Tin Keping .


Keping Or Pitis of Tin Coins of Patani-Kelantan 1261 A.H. (1845)
Tin coins of the Siamese State of Patani which circulated in Kelantan.
Obverse: " Ini Pitis Belanja Raja Patani".( This Pitis is the currency of the Raja of Patani)
Weight: 4.91gm. Diameter: 31mm. 
The State of Petani was an important trading centre between Siam,Cambodia and China. It is believed to have been founded by Raja of Kota Malikei named Wirin Piatu Nakapa Sulma who was converted to Islam with the name and title Sultan Ismail Shah. 

Reverse: " Khalifatul Muminin Sanat 1261.(Ruler of the Faithful).
In 1603 Patani was conquered by Siam. In 1767 Patani declared itself an independent Kingdom but was quickly put under Siamese control. Patani attempted to revolt in 1830/31 but was again subdued by Siam.In 1832 the State of Patani was broken up to seven small provinces which were placed under governorship of Malay Rajas or Sultans who were appointed by King of Siam. 

Year dated: 1261 A.H.
Five of the seven provinces created by Siam in 1832 are known to have issued coins.The provincial Malay Rulers were given the authority to mint coins around 1840. The issue of these coins was stopped by Siam in 1897. 
Resembled the figure of an elephant.

Though these coins were issued in the Siamese Provinces of the State of Patani, a fair number of these coins were circulated in the northern border regions of the State of Kelantan. Thus these coins may be treated as coins of Siam used in the northern border regions of the State of Kelantan. It is most probable that some of these coins could have circulated in the northern regions of the neighbouring State of Perak,Kedah and Perlis. (Source:Saran Singh)


Johor Unlisted Gold Kupang Of Sultan Abdul Jalil Riayat Shah II (1571-1597)
Rarity: Unlisted SS7(a)
Obverse: Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah. Composition: Gold (Unlisted Round Shape)

Johor is located in the southern tip of Peninsular of Malaysia as well as the most southern point of the Asian Continent. The name of Johor originated from the Arabic word Jawhar which means jewel. It is also known by its Arabic honorific, Darul Takzim ( Abode of Dignity).

This is a Round gold coin ( kupang ) from Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah II era. Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah II was the 4th Sultan of Johor who reigned from 1571 to 1597 CE.

Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah II (1571-1597)
Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah II (died 1597) was the Sultan of Johor from 1571 to 1597. Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah II married Fatima Raja the sister of Muzaffar II of Johor who was the sultan of Johor.

On Muzaffar's death, Abdul Jalil and Fatima's son Abdul Jalil I of Johor became the sultan. He died less than a year later and  Abdul Jalil was then made the sultan.

During Johor's reign Johor Lama was rebuilt and became a major center of trade in the Malay Peninsula. In 1576 and 1578 the Portuguese tried to take it over but were repulsed both times.  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Reverse: Khalifatul Muminin. Weight: 0.60gm. Diameter: 13.88 mm
This unlisted Sultan Abdul Jalil Riayat Shah II Johor Gold Kupang will be put up on auction in the next Collectibles Auction Asia No.6/2015 on early October 2015.


Johor Gold Kupang of Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah 1722-1760
Rarity: RR/SS19

Obverse: "Sultan Sulaiman Shah".Composition: Gold.(Octagonal)
 Sultan Sulaiman Shah Alam Badrul

His original name was King Sulaiman and Sulaiman Badrul next Sultan Alam Shah installed as the Sultan of Johor - Riau 13th by Bugis five brothers. Sultanate of Johor was ruled by the descendants of the original treasurer . Badrul Alam Shah Sultan Sulaiman then appoint Daeng Merewah (Kelana Jaya Prince) as viceroy Johor First.

Under the auspices of Sultan Sulaiman Shah Alam Badrul, not to mention the power of decision from the minister and congregation. Relationship with the Dutch established by the Treaty of 1754. Later, in 1756 agreement entitles tin trade monopoly in Linggi , Klang and Kuala Selangor without the consent of the king's reign. Badrul Alam Shah Sultan Sulaiman died in New York in August 1760 called "Late Bars".

Reverse: " Khalifatul Muminin "(Ruler of the faithful). Weight: 0.54gm. Diameter: 11.20mm
List of the Sultan of Johor

Dinasti Warisan Kesultanan Melaka /Heritage Malacca Sultanate Dynasty

1.Sultan Mahmud Shah - (1511 - 1528)
2.Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah II (Raja Ali) - (1528 - 1564)
3.Sultan Muzaffar Shah II - (1564 - 1579)
4.Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah I - (1579 - 1580)
5.Sultan Ali Jalla Abdul Jalil Shah II (Raja Umar) - (1581 - 1597)
6.Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah III (Raja Mansur) - (1597 - 1615)
7.Sultan Abdullah Ma'ayat Shah (Raja Bongsu) - (1615 - 1623)
8.Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah III (Raja Bujang) - (1623 - 1677)
9.Sultan Ibrahim Shah - (1677 - 1685) Sultan Ibrahim Shah - (1677 - 1685)
10.Sultan Mahmud Shah II ( Sultan Mahmud Mangkat Dijulang )

Dinasti Bendahara Johor /Treasurer dynasty Johor

1.Sultan Abdul Jalil IV (Bendahara Abdul Jalil) - (1699 - 1720)
2.Sultan Abdul Jalil Rahmat Shah (Raja Kecil) - (1718 - 1722)
3.Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah - (1722 - 1760)
4.Sultan Abdul Jalil Muazzam Shah - (1760 - 1761)
5.Sultan Ahmad Riayat Shah - (1761 - 1761)
6.Sultan Mahmud Shah III - (1761 - 1812)
7.Sultan Abdul Rahman Muazzam Shah - (1812 - 1819)
8.Sultan Hussain Shah (Tengku Long) - (1819 - 1835)
9.Sultan Ali - (1835 - 1877)

Dinasti Temenggung /Dynasty Tomonggong

1.Dato 'Sri Maharaja Tomonggong Tun VOA - (1855 - 1862)
 None staged in honor of Sultan Ali Sultan as a survivor.
2.Sultan Abu Bakar - (1862 - 1895) VOA - (1862 - 1895)
3.Sultan Ibrahim - (1895 - 1959)
4.Sultan Ismail - (1959 - 1981)
5.Sultan Iskandar - (1981 - 2010)
6.Sultan Ibrahim Ismail - (2010 - present)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This Johor Gold Kupang of Sultan Sulaiman will be listed in our next Collectibles Auction Asia No.6/2015 on early October 2015.


Unlisted Sultan Abdullah Ha'ayat Shah Johor Gold Kupang

This is a piece of round shape (normal: Hexagonal) unlisted Sultan Abdullah Ha'ayat Shah Johor Gold Kupang. Weight at 0.62gm and with a diameter measured at 13.38mm. On the obverse, it showed a double struck inscription.

Obverse Double Struck
Obverse: Sultan Abdullah Shah. Double Struck.
Sultan Abdullah Ha'ayat Shah was the 7th Sultan of Johor who reigned from 1615 to 1623.
Before he became sultan of Johor, Abdullah Ha'ayat Shah was also known as Raja Bongsu, Raja Seberang or Raja di Ilir. According to the testimony of Dutch Admiral Cornelis Matelief de Jonge Raja Bongsu was one of four surviving sons of Raja Ali bin Abdul Jalil (alias Raja Omar) of Johor. The other remaining male (half-) siblings were described by Admiral Matelief as Raja Siak, Raja Laut, and Alauddin Riayat Shah III. The latter ruled as the 6th sultan of Johor between the death of his father Raja Ali Jalla in 1597 and the Acehnese attack on Johor in 1613.

In 1603 Raja Bongsu was instrumental in forging the early diplomatic relations with the Dutch by lending assistance to Admiral Jacob van Heemskerk on 25 February 1603 in attacking and plundering the Portuguese carrack, the Santa Catarina, in the Johor River estuary off present-day Singapore.He was also responsible for sending one of the first diplomatic missions of a Malay ruler to the Dutch Republic in the same year. Headed by Megat Mansur, the Johor embassy sailed to Europe on the ships of Admiral van Heemskerk in 1603. Megat Mansur did not survive the voyage, but other members of the Johor embassy did and returned with the fleet under the command of Admiral Cornelis Matelief de Jonge in 1606.

Reverse: Khalifatul Muminin. Weight: 0.62gm. Diameter: 13.38mm.
In that year, Raja Bongsu formally ratified two treaties with the Dutch (dated 17 May and 23 September 1606) and signed himself as the co-ruler of Johor. He also lent active assistance to Admiral Matelief during his seaborne attack on Portuguese Melaka in or around May 1606. In early 1609 Raja Bongsu received Dutch Admiral Pieter Willemsz Verhoeff at Batu Sawar. On this occasion one of the German officers serving in Verhoeff's fleet, one Johann Verken, described the physical appearance of Raja Bongsu. He wrote that the Raja was "a young man in his 30s ... In his appearance and body a well-proportioned person, rather tall, articulate, and fair-skinned both on his body and on his face."

After the Portuguese had imposed an economically crippling blockade on the Johor River for much of the year 1609, Raja Bongsu was necessitated (through the machinations of his half-brother Raja Siak) to sign a peace treaty with the Portuguese Melaka in October 1610.

Described as his personal "fiefdom" by Admiral Matelieff, Raja Bongsu controlled the settlement of Kota Seberang which was located almost straight across the Johor River from the royal administrative center and capital Batu Sawar. He is also said to have controlled areas around the Sambas River on the island of Borneo.

In 1613, Raja Bongsu was one of the prisoners taken back to Aceh after the invasion of Johor by sultan Iskandar Muda. He was married to one of Iskandar's sisters, and returned to Johor as the new sultan. Raja Bongsu was subsequently enthroned as Abdullah Ha'ayat Shah of Johor. His half-brother Alauddin Riayat Shah III who had fallen from power at the time of Iskandar Muda's offensive on Johor in 1613 had fled to Lingga and probably died there in or around 1615.

In 1618, Abdullah Ha'ayat Shah moved to Lingga and gained the support of Orang Laut and the Dutch to wage a war against Aceh. He later divorced his wife who was also a sister of Iskandar Muda, a move that further angered the sultan. He spent most of his reign as a wanderer, pursued from town to town and island to island by the Acehnese. He died at Tambelan archipelago on March 1623. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This unlisted Sultan Abdullah Ha'ayat Shah Johor Gold Kupang will be put up on auction in the next Collectibles Auction Asia No.6/2015 on early October 2015.


Kelantan "Joo Kee Sin Yong" Private Monetary Jokoh 1305 A.H. (1887/8)
Rarity: RRR/SS32 (a)
Obverse: In Chinese "Joo Kee Sin Yong", (Joo Kee Trust).ca. 1880s, tin/lead jokoh (12.63g),Prid-143. ,Countermarked S I M, In Chinese "Gong Si" and Spanish LIBERTAD
Reverse : In Jawi similar to SS-32 but different Malay legend "Kelantan joki sinjar (da'im?)."  ( Kelantan Joo Kee Sin Yong)?

Condition:VF, RRR.

This rare Kelantan Jokoh was listed in Stephen Album Auction No.22 0n 14/15-5-2015 with an
estimated value of US$250 - 350. But as on 15-5-2015, the Opening Bid is US$700.

This Jokoh was probably issued by a Kapitan China (Chinese Headman) from Terengganu who may have exercised some form of authority in Kelantan.

Other than the above Jokoh, there was an other variety of " Joo Kee  Sin Yong" Jokoh with the reverse inscription in Jawi " Ini pakai di Kemasin sanat 1300". (This is for use in Kemasin Year 1305 A.H.=1887/88).Cpuntermarked " S T " and in Chinese" Kongsi" (S T Company. " LIBERTAD" incused below.

Kemasin is a fishing village in Kelantan close to the border of Terengganu.

It was priced at RM450 in the revised Price Guide published in 1997 by Master Saran Singh Book "The Encyslopaedia of THE COINS OF MALAYSIA SINGAPORE AND BRUNEI 1400-1967".